Pigmentation refers to discolouration of skin. The hormone melanin is responsible for the colour or complexion of our skin. Sometimes due to some problems, these melanin cells get damaged and cause discolouration of skin tissues. This condition is known as skin pigmentation.
Pigmentation is common among Asians, Meditterraneans, Africans & even Latins. This is because sunrays fall directly over these regions. The body produces high concentration of melanin & the melanocytes become hyperactive, resulting in pigmentation of skin. Suntans, dark circles, freckles, paleness, dark spots, lentigo, pregnancy melasma, skin stains etc are very common types of pigmentation.
Pigmentation is a disorder of skin. Though it is not harmful but it can be a problem or trouble for some people. Pigmentation makes us unattractive. This occurs when a particular patch of skin becomes darker than normal skin colour. Even skin injuries like cuts, wounds or abrasions can cause skin pigmentation. Exposure to sunrays results in production of excess melanin which causes darkening of skin. Pregnanat women suffer from pigmentation because their bodies undergo drastic hormonal changes which imbalance the production of Melanin in body. Acne and other skin diseases can also cause pigmentation. Consumption of some antibiotics and medicines causes discolouration of skin. Pigmentation can be hereditary too. Albinism is a state of absence of melanin in body.
Pigmentation is not fully curable but skin pigmentation treatment can be done by using home remedies like raw potato and lemon pack, Aloe vera, turmeric, tomato juice, apple cider vinegar. Applying sunscreens before stepping out in sun, covering yourself with scarfs and wearing full sleeves can prevent pigmentation to a large extent.
Products like Organic Harvest Anti-Pigmentation Cream, FabIndia De Pigmenatation Cream with vitamin E, Kaya Skin Cream, Pure Naturals Anti-pigmentation Cream, Lotus kin creams are some skin pigmentation creams which can be beneficial in getting rid of pigmentation.